Building permits, August 2019
The monthly value of building permits (seasonally adjusted) issued in Nova Scotia decreased 14.0 per cent in August, following a (revised) decrease of 19.8 per cent in July. Nova Scotia’s residential permits decreased 5.9 per cent while non-residential building decreased 29.5 per cent. Monthly results for building permits are highly volatile.
The six-month moving average of residential permits trended modestly upwards through 2017 and then declined in early 2018. Afterwards, residential permits resumed an upward trend before flattening out over the first eight months of 2019. The six-month moving average for non-residential permit values remained relatively flat from mid-2017 to late 2018. In early 2019, non-residential permits have trended downward, but there have been modest gains in recent months.
The trend in Nova Scotia building permit values largely reflects the trends in the Halifax market. The value of Halifax building permits decreased 8.5 per cent in August, reflecting a 0.4 per cent decrease in residential permit values and a 26.7 per cent decline in non-residential permit values.
The six-month moving average for residential permits in Halifax has been rising since mid-2016 except for a decline in the fall of 2017 and early 2018. Since then, Halifax residential permits trended upward before flattening out over the first eight months of 2019. Non-residential permits in Halifax have trended down since June 2017, though there has been a rebound in recent months.
Outside the Halifax market, building permit values declined 21.1 per cent in August 2019, as residential permit values decreased 13.9 per cent and non-residential permit values fell 32.4 per cent. Non-residential permits trended upward outside of Halifax from mid-2017 to mid-2018, but have remained relatively flat since then. Residential permits have trended upward at a modest pace since mid-2017, but growth has been flat over the first eight months of 2019.
In total for January-August 2019, the value of Nova Scotia building permits was up 13.3 per cent compared to the first eight months of 2018. Residential permits are 27.0 per cent higher, and non-residential permits are down 11.3 per cent, year-to-date. The decline in non-residential building permits reflects declines in industrial (-35.1 per cent) and institutional/government (-31.2 per cent) permit values. Commercial permit values were up 0.5 per cent, year-to-date.
Halifax building permits were up 20.2 per cent in the first eight months of 2019 on strong gains in the residential sector (+41.3 per cent), while building permits outside of Halifax were up 3.9 per cent.
Building permits in Nova Scotia’s five economic regions totaled $1.22 billion (unadjusted) in the first eight months of 2019. The largest contributor was the Halifax region, with a combined residential and non-residential permit value of $771.3 million. Year-to-date, the total value of residential and non-residential permits was up in all regions except Southern Nova Scotia and North Shore, with the largest percentage increases in Halifax and Cape Breton.
In the first eight months of 2019, the number of residential dwelling-units created (seasonally adjusted) in Nova Scotia was up by 902 units compared to Jan-Aug 2018. Across the province, the number of multiple units created was up. The number of singles created in Halifax was up while it was down outside of Halifax.
Nationally, residential building permit values (seasonally adjusted) were on an upward trend in 2016 but have levelled off since early 2017. National residential building permits were up 11.7 per cent in August. Non-residential building permit values rose through 2017 and peaked toward the end of the year, remaining relatively flat through 2018. There was a modest rise in non-residential permit values at the beginning of 2019. National non-residential permit values were down 2.7 per cent in August.
National non-residential permits are up 8.0 per cent through the first eight months of 2019 compared with the same period in 2018. British Columbia had the largest gains in non-residential building permits (+33.0 per cent). Newfoundland and Labrador (-39.3 per cent) reported the largest decline, followed by Alberta (-20.0 per cent) and Nova Scotia (-11.3 per cent).
Year-to-date, the national value of total (residential and non-residential) building permits was up 2.3 per cent compared to Jan-Aug 2018. Total building permit values were up in seven provinces in the first eight months of 2019, led by Prince Edward Island (+34.1 per cent) and Nova Scotia (+13.3 per cent). Newfoundland and Labrador reported the largest decline over this period (-34.1 per cent), followed by Alberta (-18.8 per cent).
Source: Statistics Canada. Table 34-10-0066-01 Building permits, by type of structure and type of work (x 1,000)